appraise


appraise
[15] Originally, appraise meant simply ‘fix the price of’. It came from the Old French verb aprisier ‘value’, which is ultimately a parallel formation with appreciate; it is not clear whether it came directly from late Latin appretiāre, or whether it was a newly formed compound in Old French, based on pris ‘price’. Its earliest spellings in English were thus apprize and apprise, and these continued in use down to the 19th century, with the more metaphorical meaning ‘estimate the worth of’ gradually coming to the fore. From the 16th century onwards, however, it seems that association with the word praise (which is quite closely related etymologically) has been at work, and by the 19th century the form appraise was firmly established. Apprise ‘inform’, with which appraise is often confused (and which appears superficially 31 apse to be far closer to the source pris or pretium ‘price’), in fact has no etymological connection with it. It comes from appris, the past participle of French apprendre ‘teach’ (closely related to English apprehend). => APPRECIATE, PRICE

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

Synonyms:

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  • appraise — ap‧praise [əˈpreɪz] verb [transitive] 1. HUMAN RESOURCES to decide how well an employee is doing his or her work, usually after discussing with the employee how well he or she has performed during the past year : • It is the line manager s job to …   Financial and business terms

  • appraise — ap·praise /ə prāz/ vt ap·praised, ap·prais·ing: to estimate the value of: make an appraisal of ap·prais·er n Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • appraise — appraise, apprise Like many near sounding words with some relation of meaning, these are often confused. Appraise means ‘to assess the value of (something or someone)’ (e.g. • When a man is stripped of all worldly insignia, one can appraise him… …   Modern English usage

  • appraise — ► VERB 1) assess the quality or nature of. 2) give (an employee) an appraisal. 3) (of an official valuer) set a price on. DERIVATIVES appraisee noun appraiser noun. USAGE Appraise is frequently confused …   English terms dictionary

  • Appraise — Ap*praise , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Appraised}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Appraising}.] [Pref. ad + praise. See {Praise}, {Price}, {Apprize}, {Appreciate}.] 1. To set a value; to estimate the worth of, particularly by persons appointed for the purpose; as,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • appraise — (v.) c.1400, to set a value on, from stem of O.Fr. aprisier apraise, set a price on (14c., Mod.Fr. apprécier), from L.L. appretiare value, estimate, from ad to (see AD (Cf. ad )) + pretium price (see PRICE (Cf. price …   Etymology dictionary

  • appraise — value, *estimate, evaluate, assay, rate, assess Analogous words: *judge, adjudge: determine, ascertain, *discover: inspect, examine, *scrutinize, audit …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • appraise — [v] judge, estimate adjudge, assay, assess, audit, calculate, check, check out*, deem, evaluate, examine, eye*, figure, figure in, figure out, gauge, guesstimate*, have one’s number*, inspect, look over, peg, price, rate, read, review, set at,… …   New thesaurus

  • appraise — [ə prāz′] vt. appraised, appraising [ME apreisen < OFr apreiser < LL(Ec) appretiare < L ad, to + pretium, PRICE; sp. infl. by PRAISE] 1. to set a price for; decide the value of, esp. officially 2. to estimate the quantity of 3. to judge… …   English World dictionary

  • appraise — UK [əˈpreɪz] / US verb [transitive] Word forms appraise : present tense I/you/we/they appraise he/she/it appraises present participle appraising past tense appraised past participle appraised 1) formal to form an opinion about how successful,… …   English dictionary